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Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2004 Jun;3(6):512-8. Epub 2004 May 11.

Phototactic motility in the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803.

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Department of Life Sciences (Biology), The University of Tokyo, 3-8-1, Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo, 153-8902, Japan.


Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 is a unicellular motile cyanobacterium that shows positive and negative phototaxis on agar plates under lateral illumination. Recent studies on the molecular mechanisms of the phototactic motility of Synechocystis have revealed that a number of genes are responsible for its pilus-dependent motility and phototaxis. Here we describe what is known about these genes. We also discuss the novel spectral properties of the phytochrome-like photoreceptor PixJ1 in Synechocystis, that is essential for positive phototaxis and which has revealed the existence of a new group of chromophore-binding proteins in cyanobacteria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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