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Biochemistry (Mosc). 2004 Apr;69(4):401-6.

Effects of N-terminal deletion mutation on rabbit muscle lactate dehydrogenase.

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Department of Biological Science and Biotechnology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.


Deletion mutants of rabbit muscle lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were constructed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to study the roles of N-terminal residues. The coding sequences of the first 5 (LD5) and 10 (LD10) amino acids of the N-terminus were deleted and the gene was inserted into the prokaryotic expression vector pET21b. The mutant enzymes were expressed in E. coli BL21/DE3 and were purified. Then their characteristics and stabilities were studied. The results showed LDH was completely inactivated when the first 10 N-terminal amino acid residues were removed, but the mutant (LD10) could have partially restored activity in the presence of structure-making ions. The removal of the first 5 and 10 N-terminal amino acid residues did not affect the aggregation state of the enzyme, that is, LD5 and LD10 were still tetramers. The stabilities of recombinant wild-type LDH (RW-LD), LD5, and LD10 were compared by incubating them at low pH, elevated temperature, and high GuHCl. The results showed that the N-terminal deletion mutants were more sensitive to denaturing environments; they were easily inactivated and unfolded. Their instability increased and their ability to refold decreased with the increased number of amino acid residues removed from the N-terminus of LDH. These results confirm that the N-terminus of LDH plays a crucial role in stabilizing the structure and in maintaining the function of the enzyme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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