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Curr Microbiol. 2004 Jun;48(6):441-6.

Low-molecular-weight, biologically active compounds from marine Pseudoalteromonas species.

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  • 1Pacific Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Far-Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 690022 Vladivostok, Pr. 100 Let Vladivostoku 159, Russian Federation.


We have examined the ability of marine Proteobacteria from the Pseudoalteromonas genus and Alteromonas macleodii to produce low-molecular-weight, biologically active compounds with antimicrobial and surface-active properties. A new marine bacterium, Pseudoalteromonas issachenkonii, exhibited a high level of biological activity and produced antifungal and hemolytic compounds. A detailed spectroscopic investigation based on UV, IR, high-resolution mass spectrometry, and 2D 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance revealed that the former was indole-2,3-dione (isatin). The chemical structure of red-brown pigment (C9H7N3OS3) responsible for hemolytic activity remained unclear. Four of the 15 strains studied (P. luteoviolacea, P. rubra, P. undina, and P. issachenkonii) produced cell-bound, two (P. elaykovii and P. carrageenovora) produced extracellular, and one strain (P. citrea) produced cell-bound and extracellular fatty acids and phospholipids with surface activity. Neither peptides nor glycolipids with surface activity were detected.

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