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J Physiol. 2004 Jul 15;558(Pt 2):671-83. Epub 2004 May 28.

How shunting inhibition affects the discharge of lumbar motoneurones: a dynamic clamp study in anaesthetized cats.

Author information

1
Neurophysique et Physiologie du Système Moteur, UMR 8119 CNRS, Université René Descartes, 45 rue des Saints Pères, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France.

Abstract

In the present work, dynamic clamp was used to inject a current that mimicked tonic synaptic activity in the soma of cat lumbar motoneurones with a microelectrode. The reversal potential of this current could be set at the resting potential so as to prevent membrane depolarization or hyperpolarization. The only effect of the dynamic clamp was then to elicit a constant and calibrated increase of the motoneurone input conductance. The effect of the resulting shunt was investigated on repetitive discharges elicited by current pulses. Shunting inhibition reduced very substantially the firing frequency in the primary range without changing the slope of the current-frequency curves. The shift of the I-f curve was proportional to the conductance increase imposed by the dynamic clamp and depended on an intrinsic property of the motoneurone that we called the shunt potential. The shunt potential ranged between 11 and 37 mV above the resting potential, indicating that the sensitivity of motoneurones to shunting inhibition was quite variable. The shunt potential was always near or above the action potential voltage threshold. A theoretical model allowed us to interpret these experimental results. The shunt potential was shown to be a weighted time average of membrane voltage. The weighting factor is the phase response function of the neurone that peaks at the end of the interspike interval. The shunt potential indicates whether mixed synaptic inputs have an excitatory or inhibitory effect on the ongoing discharge of the motoneurone.

PMID:
15169842
PMCID:
PMC1664972
DOI:
10.1113/jphysiol.2003.059964
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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