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Gastroenterology. 2004 May;126(6):1533-49.

Clinical relevance of advances in genetics and pharmacogenetics of IBD.

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Gastroenterology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Laboratories, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, United Kingdom UK.


Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis result from an inappropriate response of the mucosal immune system to the normal enteric flora in a genetically susceptible individual. During the past decade, exciting progress has been made in our understanding of the contribution of genetics to inflammatory bowel disease susceptibility and phenotype. This article reviews recent advances in the genetics of inflammatory bowel disease and explores how they might impact on clinical practice. Current knowledge of the genetic basis for disease susceptibility, phenotype, and response to therapy is explored and the factors currently limiting the translation of this knowledge to clinical practice is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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