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Curr Opin Crit Care. 2004 Feb;10(1):40-6.

Management of sedation in mechanically ventilated patients.

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1
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, University of Chicago Hospitals, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

There are many new and exciting studies in the sedation literature. Recent studies of new scoring systems to monitor sedation, new medications, and new insights into post-intensive care unit (ICU) sequelae have brought about interesting ideas for achieving an adequate level of sedation of our patients while minimizing complications.

RECENT FINDINGS:

The recent literature focuses on monitoring the level of a patient's sedation with new bedside clinical scoring systems and new technology. Outcomes studies have highlighted problems with both inadequate sedation and excessive sedation in regard to patients' post-ICU psychological health. More insight into drug withdrawal and addiction as complications of ICU care were examined. A new medication for sedation in the ICU has been approved for use, but its role is not yet defined.

SUMMARY:

Many patients in the ICU receive mechanical ventilation and will require sedative medications. A frequently overlooked cause of agitation in the ventilated patient is pain, and assessing the adequacy of analgesia is an important part of the continuous assessment of a patient. The goal of sedation is to provide relief while minimizing the development of drug dependency and oversedation. Careful monitoring with bedside scoring systems, the appropriate use of medications, and a strategy of daily interruption can lead to diminished time on the ventilator and in the ICU.

PMID:
15166848
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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