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Trends Cogn Sci. 2004 Jun;8(6):273-9.

TMS in cognitive plasticity and the potential for rehabilitation.

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Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione Neurologia, Università di Siena, Policlinico Le Scotte, Viale Bracci, I-53100 Siena, Italy. <>


Cognitive neuroscientists use transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in several ways, from aiming to increase understanding of brain-behavior relationships to transiently improving performance, both in normals and in patients with neurological and neuropsychological deficits. Different types of TMS (single-pulse, paired-pulse, repetitive) are able to interfere with higher brain functions that require the cooperation of different brain areas and complex neuronal networks. Currently, behavioral TMS effects on the brain are usually short-lived and their underlying mechanisms not yet wholly understood. However, the aim of using TMS to develop rehabilitative strategies for motor, perceptive and cognitive functions represents an intriguing challenge.

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