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Hybrid Hybridomics. 2004 Apr;23(2):93-9.

Mapping of SOMU1 and M1 epitopes on the apomucin encoded by the 5' end of the MUC5AC gene.

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Mucin Immunochemistry laboratory, INSERM U-482, Paris, France.


We have developed 11 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against human gastric mucin, (1-13M1, 2-11M1, 2-12M1, 9-13M1, 58M1, 19M1, 21M1, 45M1, 463M, 589M, 62M1), which specifically stained by immunohistochemisty both the human gastric surface mucosa and colon adenoma. Among them, five (19M1, 21M1, 463M, 589M, 62M1) immunoreacted with the peptide encoded by the 3' region of the MUC5AC gene (Nollet et al: Int J Cancer 2002;99:336-343). In this study, we identified in the 5' region of this gene the nucleotide fragments encoding peptides immunoreacting with three other anti-M1 MAbs (1-13M1, 2-11M1 and 9-13M1), as well as the SOMU1 MAb (Sotozono et al: J Immunol Methods 1996;192:187-196). 1-13M1 MAb immunoreacts with peptides, including the Cys 2 and Cys 4 domains. The SOMU1 MAb recognized the Cys 5 domain, and the MAbs 2-11M1 and 9-13M1 the globular D1/D2 and D3 domains, respectively. Using serial sections of the mucosae adjacent to colon adenocarcinomas and colon adenomas, we observed that the anti-M1 and anti-SOMU1 MAbs displayed the same immunostaining patterns. The three anti-M1 MAbs (2-12M1, 58M1, and 45M1) did not react with the products of the MUC5AC gene tested until now. The MUC5AC apomucin is now well characterized by MAbs immunoreacting against seven different epitopes belonging to the different main cystein globular domains of this macromolecule. Such antibodies are useful tools for studying the biosynthesis, polymerization, and degradation of mucin.

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