Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Physiol Biochem. 2003 Dec;59(4):311-21.

Molecular basis of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria.

Author information

Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Zaragoza, Spain.


3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria is a human autosomal recessive metabolic disorder that usually appears within the first year of life. The causes of this aciduria are lethal mutations in the gene encoding for 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A lyase (HL). HL is a mitochondrial matrix enzyme that catalyzes the last step of ketogenesis and leucine catabolism. This gene has been mapped to chromosome 1 at locus 1pter-p33 and its genomic organisation comprises 9 exons whose sizes vary between 64-678 bp. The human cDNA sequence was reported in 1993 with the first genetic study of two Acadian-French Canadian siblings. To date, 24 mutations in 36 patients have been described; most of them are single-base substitutions causing amino acid replacements and a variety of splicing defects. In the population studied two mutations appear predominant: g.122GA (8 patients and 15 alleles) frequent in Saudi Arabia, and g.109GT (6 patients and 12 alleles), prevalent in Spain. At least seven mutations are clustered in the second half of exon 2 affecting aminoacids E37, R41 and D42 and conforming a possible hot spot. The genotype-phenotype correlation is difficult to establish since the probands received different treatments, and the onset of an acute episode frequently depends on external factors such as fasting or acute illness.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center