Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Virus Res. 2004 Jul;103(1-2):47-52.

Recent changes among human influenza viruses.

Author information

1
Virology Division, National Institute for Medical Research, The Ridgeway, Mill Hill, London NW7 1AA, UK.

Abstract

Recurrent epidemics of influenza are due to the frequent emergence of antigenic variants. With co-circulation of two influenza A subtypes and two antigenically distinct lineages of B viruses, genetic reassortment also has an important role in antigenic drift, as illustrated by recent changes in both A and B viruses. The H1N2 subtype viruses, which emerged during 2001, possessed a H1 HA similar to those of contemporary A/New Caledonia/20/99 (H1N1)-like viruses and seven genes closely related to those of recent H3N2 viruses, and did not represent a significant increase in the antigenic diversity of circulating viruses. The re-emergence of B/Victoria/2/87-lineage viruses, previously prevalent during the 1980s, in 2000 has been followed by the predominant circulation of reassortant B viruses possessing a B/Victoria-lineage HA and a B/Yamagata-lineage NA similar in sequence to those of recent B/Sichuan/379/99-like viruses. These events emphasize not only the lack of divergence in the complementary functional characteristics of the HA and NA of divergent influenza B lineages, but also the apparent convergence in compatibility between the H1 and N2 components of the two influenza A subtypes.

PMID:
15163487
DOI:
10.1016/j.virusres.2004.02.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center