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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1992 Sep;(282):186-95.

A ten- to 15-year follow-up observation of high tibial osteotomy in medial compartment osteoarthrosis.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.


High tibial osteotomy (HTO) was performed on 86 medially osteoarthritic knees in 78 patients. Twelve patients died during the follow-up period. Fifty-six knees of 51 patients were evaluated twice postoperatively: once at six years after surgery and again after ten to 15 years. Results were satisfactory in 88% of the knees at the six-year follow-up evaluation and in 63% at the post-ten-year follow-up evaluation. Ten-year follow-up results significantly deteriorated. The femorotibial angle (FTA) at the time of bone union after HTO was a significant factor that contributed to the ten-year results. In patients maintaining excellent improvement of knee function at the post-ten-year follow-up evaluation, the mean FTA at one year after surgery was 165 degrees; this value was constant through ten years after HTO. An FTA of 164 degrees-168 degrees should be attained to ensure favorable long-term results in HTO.

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