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Clin Exp Immunol. 1992 Sep;89(3):330-5.

Characterization of anti-interferon-alpha antibodies appearing during recombinant interferon-alpha 2a treatment.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Central Hospital, Boden, Sweden.

Abstract

Patients with malignant midgut carcinoid tumours received recombinant interferon-alpha 2a (rIFN-alpha 2a) or rIFN-alpha 2a and chemotherapy (streptozocin and doxorubicin) for 6 months, and then rIFN-alpha 2a alone. Antibodies, mainly of IgG type, binding to rIFN-alpha 2a developed in nine of 22 patients (41%), as determined by immunoassay. In seven patients, antibodies also neutralized the biologic (anti-viral) activity of rIFN-alpha 2a. Anti-IFN-alpha 2a antibodies were equally frequent in both sexes and treatment groups, but were not observed in those patients (n = 8) that had previously received other types of IFN. Antibodies appeared after a median of 6 months of rIFN-alpha 2a treatment and had a median duration of 6 months. The anti-IFN-alpha 2a antibody titres declined with time with no obvious relation to change of therapy, also during continued IFN-alpha 2a treatment. High titres of neutralizing antibodies appeared to impair anti-tumoural effects in individual potential responders. Anti-IFN-alpha 2a antibodies further examined in six patients bound to native IFN-alpha subtypes present in both allogenic and autologous leucocyte IFN-alpha. Such autoantibodies neutralized the biologic activity of autologous IFN-alpha in two patients, and in a third were partially neutralizing.

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