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Prostate. 2004 Jul 1;60(2):120-9.

Interleukin-6 is responsible for drug resistance and anti-apoptotic effects in prostatic cancer cells.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, National Taiwan University, College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Interleukin (IL)-6-mediated anti-apoptotic effects and drug-resistance mechanisms in prostate cancer cells were investigated.

METHODS:

IL-6 levels of PC-3 and LNCaP cells were studied by using ELISA. Protective effects of IL-6 on cytotoxic agent-induced apoptosis were studied by exogenous IL-6 in serum-starved PC-3 cells and by anti-sense IL-6 strategy. Western blotting and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to determine IL-6 effects on Bcl-2 family proteins. Tetracycline-regulated Bcl-xL expression system and dominant negative STAT3 transfectants were used to study IL-6 signaling pathways and its anti-apoptosis effects.

RESULTS:

Exogenous IL-6 and anti-sense IL-6 oligonucleotide treatment conferred resistance to cytotoxic agent-induced apoptosis. Among Bcl-2 family proteins, only Bcl-xL was evidently increased by IL-6 stimulation. The anti-apoptotic effect of IL-6 can be significantly attenuated by anti-sense bcl-xL transfection and partially abrogated in dominant negative STAT3 transfectants.

CONCLUSIONS:

IL-6 is a survival factor against cytotoxic agent-induced apoptosis through both STAT3 and bcl-xL pathways in prostate cancer cells.

PMID:
15162378
DOI:
10.1002/pros.20057
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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