Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Vis. 2004 May 20;10:361-5.

A novel PRPF31 splice-site mutation in a Chinese family with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa.

Author information

National Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, People's Republic of China.



The autosomal dominant form of retinitis pigmentosa (ADRP) can be caused by mutations in 13 genes and a further locus for which the gene remains to be identified. This study was intended to identify mutations in a large Chinese pedigree with ADRP.


A genome scan was conducted in the family. The whole coding sequences and the intron-exon boundaries of candidate genes were amplified and sequenced. The reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed to amplify the mutated mRNA.


The strongest evidence of linkage was detected with three adjacent microsatellite markers genotyped between D19S902 and D19S210 on chromosome 19q13.33-13.43. Within the region, a single nucleotide change (G>A) at position -1 of Intron 5 of PRPF31 was found. The consensus AG doublet of the Intron 5 splice acceptor was changed to AA. The mutation co-segregated with the disease phenotype, suggesting that it was the disease-causing mutation in this family. This splicing site mutation is predicted to cause an erroneous splicing of Exon 6. By RT-PCR, we found the mutated nucleotide of Intron 5 (A) and the first nucleotide of Exon 6 (G) was regarded as a new splice acceptor, resulting in 1 bp deletion of the first codon of Exon 6 (GAG-to-AG) at the mRNA level. This change led to a frameshift and truncated protein of 196 amino acids with 56 novel amino acids prior to a premature stop.


A novel splicing mutation (IVS5-1G>A) in the pre-mRNA splicing-factor gene PRPF31 causes retinitis pigmentosa in a large Chinese family. The mutation results in a truncated protein of PRPF31.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Molecular Vision
Loading ...
Support Center