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J Muscle Res Cell Motil. 2004;25(1):95-102.

Engineering lysine reactivity as a conformational sensor in the Dictyostelium myosin II motor domain.

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Department of Biochemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány P. sétány 1/C, Hungary.


Lys84 of skeletal muscle myosin located at the interface between the motor and neck domains has long been utilized as a useful chemical probe sensing motor domain conformational changes and tilting of the lever arm. Here we report the first site-directed mutagenesis study on this side chain and its immediate chemical environment. We made Dictyostelium myosin II motor domain constructs in which Lys84 was replaced by either a methionine or a glutamic acid residue and another mutant containing an Arg704Glu substitution. By following trinitrophenylation of the mutant constructs, we first unambiguously identify Lys84 as the reactive lysine in Dictyostelium myosin. Analysis of the reaction profiles also reveals that the Lys84-Arg704 interaction at the interface of two subdomains of the myosin head has a significant effect on Lys84 reactivity, but it is not the only determinant of this property. Our findings imply that the nucleotide sensitivity of the trinitrophenylation reaction is a general feature of conventional myosins that reflects similar changes in the conformational dynamics of the different orthologs during the ATPase cycle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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