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Brain Res. 1992 Mar 27;576(1):104-10.

Opposite effects of prefrontal cortex and nucleus accumbens infusions of flupenthixol on stimulant-induced locomotion and brain stimulation reward.

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Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara 93106.


Ventral tegmental area (VTA) stimulation produced conditioned place preferences for stimulation-paired environments the magnitudes of which were dose-dependently reduced by systemic application of the dopamine antagonist, haloperidol (0.0, 0.15, 0.3 mg/kg). Bilateral microinjections of cis-flupenthixol (FLU) into the nucleus accumbens (0.0, 1.0, 5.0 or 10.0 micrograms) also resulted in reductions in the size of stimulation-induced place preferences as well as reductions in the magnitude of the hyperlocomotor response to 1.5 mg/kg (s.c.) D-amphetamine. Comparable microinjections of FLU into the medial prefrontal cortex (PFC) produced diametrically opposite effects: the size of VTA stimulation-induced place preferences was either unaffected (1.0 and 5.0 microgram groups) or slightly increased (10 micrograms group) and amphetamine-stimulated hyperlocomotion was dose-dependently potentiated. These behavioral findings suggest a dopamine-mediated modulatory role for the PFC over reward relevant elements within the nucleus accumbens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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