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Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2004 May;50(2):121-8.

Review of the prognostic factors in medulloblastoma of children and adults.

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  • 1Medical Oncology Department, University Hospital, Via Gattamelata 64, 35100 Padova, Italy.


Medulloblastoma (MB) is rare in adults, accounting for 1% of all primary tumours of the central nervous system (CNS). Based on the assumption that the disease pattern in adults is similar to that in children, adults with medulloblastoma are treated using paediatric protocols. Thanks to progress made in recent years, long-term survival is now possible, with overall ranging from 50 to 60% at 5 years and 40 to 50% at 10 years. However, effective therapy may have devastating long-term side effects, including neuro-psychic and neuro-endocrine sequelae and cognitive dysfunction, especially in young adults. Great interest has been expressed in new biological and molecular prognostic factors, which, combined with clinical variables, may allow a more satisfactory stratification of patients.

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