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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2004 May 27;1663(1-2):14-8.

Incorporation of the V-ATPase inhibitors concanamycin and indole pentadiene in lipid membranes. Spin-label EPR studies.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.

Abstract

The incorporation of concanamycin A, a potent inhibitor of vacuolar ATPases, into membranes of dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine has been studied by using EPR of spin-labelled lipid chains. At an inhibitor/lipid ratio of 1:1 mol/mol, concanamycin A broadens the chain-melting transition of the phospholipid bilayer membrane, and effects the lipid chain motion in the fluid phase. The outer hyperfine splitting of a spin label at the C-5 position and the line widths of a spin label at the C-14 position of the lipid chain are increased by concanamycin A. Considerably larger membrane perturbations are caused by equimolar admixture of a designed synthetic 5-(5,6-dichloro-2-indolyl)-2,4-pentadienoyl V-ATPase inhibitor. These results indicate that concanamycin A intercalates readily between the lipid chains in biological membranes, with minimal perturbation of the bilayer structure. Essentially identical results are obtained with concanamycin A added to preformed membranes as a concentrated solution in DMSO, or mixed with lipid in organic solvent prior to membrane formation. Therefore, the common mode of addition in V-ATPase inhibition assays ensures incorporation of concanamycin into the lipid bilayer milieu, which provides an efficient channel of access to the transmembrane domains of the V-ATPase.

PMID:
15157605
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbamem.2004.03.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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