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Oncogene. 2004 May 24;23(24):4198-208.

Oncogenic potential of the RUNX gene family: 'overview'.

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Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology and Oncology Research Institute, National University of Singapore, 30 Medical Drive, Singapore 117609, Singapore.


Runt-related (RUNX) gene family is composed of three members, RUNX1/AML1, RUNX2 and RUNX3, and encodes the DNA-binding (alpha) subunits of the Runt domain transcription factor polyomavirus enhancer-binding protein 2 (PEBP2)/core-binding factor (CBF), which is a heterodimeric transcription factor. RUNX1 is most frequently involved in human acute leukemia. RUNX2 shows oncogenic potential in mouse experimental system. RUNX3 is a strong candidate as a gastric cancer tumor suppressor. The beta subunit gene of PEBP2/CBF is also frequently involved in chromosome rearrangements associated with human leukemia. In this Overview, I will summarize how this growing field has been formed and what are the challenging new frontiers for better understanding of the oncogenic potential of this gene family.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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