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J Biol Chem. 2004 Sep 3;279(36):37271-81. Epub 2004 May 20.

Characteristic interactions with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate determine regulation of kir channels by diverse modulators.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.

Abstract

The activity of specific inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) channels is regulated by any of a number of different modulators, such as protein kinase C, G(q) -coupled receptor stimulation, pH, intracellular Mg(2+) or the betagamma-subunits of G proteins. Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) is an essential factor for maintenance of the activity of all Kir channels. Here, we demonstrate that the strength of channel-PIP(2) interactions determines the sensitivity of Kir channels to regulation by the various modulators. Furthermore, our results suggest that differences among Kir channels in their specific regulation by a given modulator may reflect differences in their apparent affinity of interactions with PIP(2).

PMID:
15155739
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M403413200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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