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Psychol Rep. 2004 Apr;94(2):687-93.

Comparison of scores for abused and nonabused young adults on the Psychological Trauma and Resources Scale.

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Department of Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, William S. Hall Psychiatric Institute, 1800 Colonial Drive, Columbia, SC 29202, USA.


The Psychological Trauma and Psychological Resources Scale has been developed to identify adolescents and adults who have experienced traumatic events, i.e., physical, sexual, or emotional abuse and neglect. The scale also attempts to identify the presence of compensatory or resource factors such as social support that may serve to ameliorate the effects of traumatic events. 98 college participants who reported a history of abuse were compared with 464 nonabused students on the seven subscales. As predicted, the abused participants reported significantly more incidents of abuse and neglect than the nontraumatized group. In addition, the abused group reported receiving less emotional support, and they were less likely to use positive self-talk as a way to decrease emotional distress. These results provide empirical support for using the Psychological Trauma and Psychological Resources Scale to identify individuals with a history of abuse. Findings underscore the importance of assessing resource variables that may moderate the effects of abuse.

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