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Neoplasia. 2004 May-Jun;6(3):187-94.

The acetyltransferase p300/CBP-associated factor is a p53 target gene in breast tumor cells.

Author information

1
Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Arizona Cancer Center and Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA. gwatts@azcc.arizona.edu

Abstract

p300/CBP-associated factor (PCAF) is a coactivator of the tumor suppressor, p53. PCAF participates in p53's transactivation of target genes through acetylation of both bound p53 and histones within p53 target promoters. Using microarrays, we discovered that PCAF itself is induced by p53 in a panel of breast tumor cell lines. Two p53 mutant breast tumor cell lines, BT-549 and UACC-1179, were chosen for further study of PCAF induction by wild-type p53. PCAF induction following adenoviral transduction of p53 expression was confirmed with real-time polymerase chain reaction in a time course experiment. Chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments then showed that PCAF induction was associated with increased p53 binding to the PCAF promoter, which contains p53 consensus-binding sites. PCAF induction by p53 activity was further demonstrated in wild-type p53 MCF10A cells when PCAF expression was induced following activation of endogenous wild-type p53 with doxorubicin in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore, the doxorubicin-induced increase in PCAF expression was blocked by pretreatment of the MCF10A cells with siRNA (small interfering RNA) targeted against p53 mRNA. Taken together, the results show that PCAF expression can be induced by wild-type p53.

PMID:
15153330
PMCID:
PMC1502105
DOI:
10.1593/neo.3292
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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