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Ann Oncol. 2004 Jun;15(6):875-84.

Body mass index as a prognostic feature in operable breast cancer: the International Breast Cancer Study Group experience.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland. gilles.berclaz@insel.ch

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Current information on the prognostic importance of body mass index (BMI) for patients with early breast cancer is based on a variety of equivocal reports. Few have data on BMI in relationship to systemic treatment.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients (6792) were randomized to International Breast Cancer Study Group trials from 1978 to 1993, studying chemotherapy and endocrine therapy. BMI was evaluated with eight other factors: menopausal status, nodal status, estrogen receptor status, progesterone receptor status, tumor size, vessel invasion, tumor grade and treatment. BMI was categorized as normal (< or =24.9), intermediate (25.0-29.9) or obese (> or =30.0).

RESULTS:

Patients with normal BMI had significantly longer overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) than patients with intermediate or obese BMI in pairwise comparisons adjusted for other factors. Subset analyses showed the same effect in pre- and perimenopausal patients and in those receiving chemotherapy alone. When assessed globally and adjusted for other factors, BMI significantly influenced OS (P = 0.03) but not DFS (P = 0.12).

CONCLUSIONS:

BMI is an independent prognostic factor for OS in patients with breast cancer, especially among pre-/perimenopausal patients treated with chemotherapy without endocrine therapy.

PMID:
15151943
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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