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Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2004 May;2(3):369-74.

Hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.

Author information

1
Istanbul School of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey. stecder@hotmail.com

Abstract

Hypertension is a common problem in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease affecting both renal and patient survival. Activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system due to cyst expansion and local renal ischemia has been proposed to play an important role in the development of hypertension in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Left ventricular hypertrophy, a major cardiovascular risk factor, is also common in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Both hypertension and the activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system play a role in the development of left ventricular hypertrophy in these patients. Prospective randomized results indicate that aggressive control of blood pressure is important for the optimal reversal of left ventricular hypertrophy, thereby diminishing a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality of patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. There is also substantial epidemiological support for aggressive control of blood pressure in slowing renal disease progression in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease patients. Blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system should be the initial approach in the treatment of hypertension in these patients.

PMID:
15151483
DOI:
10.1586/14779072.2.3.369
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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