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Heredity (Edinb). 2004 Jul;93(1):104-13.

Analysis of genetic diversity and conservation priorities in Iberian pigs based on microsatellite markers.

Author information

1
Departamento de Mejora Genética Animal, INIA, Carretera La Coruña km. 7, Madrid 28040, Spain.

Abstract

The Iberian breed is the most important pig population of the Mediterranean type. The genetic structure of two strains (Torbiscal and Guadyerbas) and three varieties (Retinto, Entrepelado and Lampiño) of this breed was studied using 173 pigs genotyped for 36 microsatellites. In addition, 40 pigs of the related Duroc breed were also analysed. In the 1960s, the Iberian breed's numbers were severely reduced by disease, due to economic change and to crossbreeding. Varieties are in danger of disappearance or blending. A new conservation strategy is required. An analysis was performed that allows us to ascertain the loss or gain of genetic diversity if one or several subpopulations are removed. The results are compared with those using the Weitzman method. The two methodologies produce conservation priorities that are completely different, the reason being that the Weitzman method does not take into account the within-population genetic diversity. We apply optimal contribution theory and a new procedure for cluster analysis, and discuss their value in the general framework of the problems of setting of priorities and tactics for the conservation of genetic resources.

PMID:
15150539
DOI:
10.1038/sj.hdy.6800488
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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