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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2004 Aug;36(8):1542-53.

Molecular cloning and characterization of a novel dual-specificity phosphatase 23 gene from human fetal brain.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Institute of Genetics, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, PR China.

Abstract

Most of dual-specificity protein phosphatases (DSPs) play an important role in the regulation of mitogenic signal transduction and controlling the cell cycle in response to extracellular stimuli. In this study, a novel human dual-specificity protein phosphatases gene named dual-specificity phosphatase 23 (DUSP23) was isolated by large-scale sequencing analysis of a human fetal brain cDNA library. Its cDNA was 726 bp in length, encoding a 150-amino acid polypeptide which contained a dual-specificity phosphatase catalytic (DSPc) domain but not a CDC25 homology (CH2) domain. Reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) revealed that the DUSP23 was expressed in most fetal tissues and two adult tissues: testis and colon. Transient transfection experiment suggested that DUSP23 was localized in the cytoplasm of HEK293 cells. DUSP23 showed distinctive phosphatase activity toward p-nitrophenyl phosphate (pNPP), as well as oligopeptides containing phospho-tyrosine and phospho-threonine residues. Furthermore, DUSP23 could dephosphorylate p44ERK1 but not p38 and p54SAPKbeta in vitro. All the results indicated that DUSP23 was a novel protein phosphatase with dual substrate specificity.

PMID:
15147733
DOI:
10.1016/j.biocel.2003.12.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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