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Ann Emerg Med. 1992 Sep;21(9):1102-6.

The epidemiology of cardiac arrest in young adults.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To describe the epidemiology of cardiac arrest in young adults and to determine if there are characteristics unique to this group in terms of etiology, rhythm, and outcome.

DESIGN:

Retrospective, case review.

SETTING:

King County, Washington.

TYPE OF PARTICIPANTS:

All out-of-hospital victims of cardiac arrest who received emergency aid.

MEASUREMENTS:

The etiology, cardiac rhythm, and outcome were identified for each case.

MAIN RESULTS:

During the 13-year period from 1976 to 1989, there were 8,054 cardiac arrests; 252 of these were among young adults 18 to 35 years of age. Of those 252 cases, 61 (24%) were caused by ischemic heart disease, and 60 (24%) were caused by overdose. Asystole was the most common rhythm (48%), followed by ventricular fibrillation or tachycardia (31%). Long-term survival following these rhythms was 4% and 28%, respectively. In terms of age, etiology, and rhythm, young adults appear to represent a transitional group between children and older adults. There were no unique characteristics specific to young adults. Long-term survival is dependent more on rhythm than on age.

CONCLUSION:

In terms of age, etiology, and rhythm, young adults appear to represent a transitional group between children and older adults.

PMID:
1514721
DOI:
10.1016/s0196-0644(05)80651-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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