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Biochemistry. 2004 May 25;43(20):5996-6004.

Effects of protein kinase C dependent phosphorylation and a familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy-related mutation of cardiac troponin I on structural transition of troponin C and myofilament activation.

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Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Center for Cardiovascular Research, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60612-7342, USA.


In experiments reported here, we compared tension and thin filament Ca(2+) signaling in preparations containing either wild-type cardiac troponin I (cTnI) or a mutant cTnI with an R146G mutation [cTnI(146G)] linked to familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Myofilament function is altered in association with cTnI phosphorylation by protein kinase C (PKC), which is activated in hypertrophy. Whether there are differential effects of PKC phosphorylation on cTnI compared to cTnI(146G) remains unknown. We therefore also studied cTnI and cTnI(146G) with PKC sites mutated to Glu, which mimics phosphorylation. Compared to cTnI controls, binary complexes with either cTnI(146G) or cTnI(43E/45E/144E) had a small effect on Ca(2+)-dependent structural opening of the N-terminal regulatory domain of cTnC as measured using Förster resonance energy transfer. However, this structural change was significantly reduced in the cTnC-cTnI(43E/45E/144E/146G) complex. Exchange of cTnI in skinned fiber bundles with cTnI(146G) induced enhanced Ca(2+) sensitivity and an elevated resting tension. Exchange of cTnI with cTnI(43E/45E/144E) induced a depression in Ca(2+) sensitivity and maximum tension. However, compared to cTnI(146G), cTnI(43E/45E/144E/146G) had little additional effects on myofilament response to Ca(2+). By comparing activation of tension to the open state of the N-domain of cTnC with variations in the state of cTnI, we were able to provide data supporting the hypothesis that activation of cardiac myofilaments is tightly coupled to the open state of the N-domain of cTnC. Our data also support the hypothesis that pathological effects of phosphorylation are influenced by mutations in cTnI.

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