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Hum Mutat. 2004 Jun;23(6):632.

BMPR2 mutations found in Japanese patients with familial and sporadic primary pulmonary hypertension.

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Department of Bioscience, Osaka University Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Suita, Osaka, Japan.

Erratum in

  • Hum Mutat. 2004 Sep;24(3):275.


Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a potentially lethal disorder, in which heterozygous mutations within the bone morphogenetic protein type II receptor (BMPR2) gene (BMPR2) have been identified. We conducted a molecular study of BMPR2 mutations in 4 Japanese families with familial PPH and 30 Japanese patients with sporadic PPH, and found 13 different mutations, of which 10 were novel, including missense (n=2), nonsense (n=4), frameshift (n=3), and splice-donor site (n=1) mutations. In total, BMPR2 mutations were found in all 4 familial PPH cases and 12 (40%) of the sporadic PPH cases. Further, a majority of the mutations found were predicted to cause premature termination, as previously reported. In the 9 mutations found in the sporadic cases, 2 were shown to be de novo, 2 were shared in multiple cases, 1 was shared with an FPPH case, and 1 was the same as previously reported in Caucasian FPPH. These results indicate that a substantial portion of Japanese PPH patients carry BMPR2 mutations with considerable heterogeneity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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