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Am J Physiol. 1992 Aug;263(2 Pt 1):E374-82.

Apolipoprotein expression and cellular differentiation in Caco-2 intestinal cells.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University Medical School, St. Louis, Missouri 63110.

Abstract

Caco-2 cells, cultured for 18 days on porous filter supports and conventional plastic culture dishes, were used to study the effects of cellular differentiation on the expression of apolipoprotein (apo) genes. Media of filter-grown cells accumulated more apo B as apo B-48 and contained three times the amount of edited apo B mRNA compared with plastic-grown cells. The accumulation of apo A-I by media of plastic-grown cells was higher than accumulation by filter-grown cells, despite similar concentrations of apo A-I mRNA. The apo A-IV was detectable in the culture media earlier with filter-grown cells compared with plastic-grown cells, despite similar apo A-IV mRNA concentrations. Plastic-grown cells contained more apo E mRNA, and their media accumulated more apo E than filter-grown cells. With the exception of apo A-I, apo gene expression changed with Caco-2 cell differentiation to resemble more closely the patterns seen in adult enterocytes. There were no effects or minimal effects of added retinoic acid, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3], or thyroid hormone on apo accumulation in media of filter-grown cultures of Caco-2 cells. However, 1,25(OH)2D3 and thyroid hormone increased apo B, apo A-IV, and apo A-I mRNA concentrations, retinoic acid increased apo B mRNA concentrations alone, and all three reduced apo E mRNA concentrations. Ratios of edited to unedited apo B mRNA were unaffected. In conclusion, culture substratum importantly influences Caco-2 cell differentiation. Soluble factors that influence cellular differentiation may affect apo gene expression over and above effects mediated by the culture substratum.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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