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Am J Physiol. 1992 Aug;263(2 Pt 1):C319-25.

Acceleration of growth of cultured cardiomyocytes and translocation of protein kinase C.

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1
Sigfried and Janet Weis Center for Research, Geisinger Clinic, Danville, Pennsylvania 17822.

Abstract

Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), norepinephrine (NE), and contraction stimulate cardiomyocyte growth (increased protein content). Differences exist in the time course and extent of protein and RNA accumulation. Cells plated at 4 x 10(6) cells/60-mm dish and arrested with 50 mM KCl demonstrated no significant growth. Treatment with PMA stimulated growth to a maximum of 17% at 48 h. In contrast, maximal stimulation of growth was 36% at 48 h and 31% at 72 h for contracting and NE-treated cells, respectively. Maximal stimulation of the capacity for protein synthesis (RNA content) was 32% for PMA-treated cells at 24 h compared with 59% and 77% for NE-treated and contracting cells, respectively, at 72 h. In support of a primary role for altered capacity in the regulation of protein synthesis, there was a significant correlation (r = 0.84) between RNA and protein contents that was independent of the stimulus used. Angiotensin II increased RNA content by 28% at 48 h but had no effect on growth up to 72 h. Growth stimulation and increased nuclear protein kinase C (PKC) activity were induced by contraction, NE, and PMA treatment and were inhibited by staurosporine (a PKC inhibitor), suggestive of a central role for PKC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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