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J Neuroimmunol. 2004 Jun;151(1-2):33-9.

Potent effect of interleukin-1 beta to evoke ATP and adenosine release from rat hippocampal slices.

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Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1083 Budapest, Szigony u. 43, Hungary.


In this study the effect of IL-1 beta on [(3)H]purine release from rat hippocampal slices was explored. IL-1 beta (3 x 10(-18)-3 x 10(-14) M) concentration-dependently elevated the basal [(3)H]purine efflux, and this effect was reversed by the selective IL-1RI receptor antagonist IL-1ra (10(-12) M). HPLC analysis revealed that the amount of [(3)H]ATP and [(3)H]adenosine significantly increased in the effluent in response to IL-1 beta. The sodium channel inhibitor tetrodotoxin, the NMDA and non-NMDA receptor antagonists d(-)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (AP-5) plus 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione-disodium (CNQX) almost completely abolished IL-1 beta-evoked [(3)H]purine release. The effect of IL-1 beta on [(3)H]purine efflux was also prevented by the p38 MAP kinase inhibitor SB 203580, by the nucleoside transport inhibitor nitrobenzyl-thioinosine (NBTI) and by low temperature (4 degrees C). In summary IL-1 beta triggers a transporter mediated [(3)H]purine efflux in the hippocampus which is conveyed by glutamate receptor activation and the p38 MAP kinase pathway, and could serve as a mediator of IL-1 beta-induced synaptic depression.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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