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Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2004 Jun;16(3):322-7.

Aging and nuclear organization: lamins and progeria.

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Cancer and Developmental Biology Laboratory, National Cancer Institute at Frederick, National Institutes of Health, PO Box B, Frederick, Maryland 21702, USA.


The discoveries of at least eight human diseases arising from mutations in LMNA, which encodes the nuclear A-type lamins, have revealed the nuclear envelope as an organelle associated with a variety of fundamental cellular processes. The most recently discovered diseases associated with LMNA mutations are the premature aging disorders Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) and atypical Werner's syndrome. The phenotypes of both HGPS patients and a mouse model of progeria suggest diverse compromised tissue functions leading to defects reminiscent of aging. Aspects of the diseases associated with disrupted nuclear envelope/lamin functions may be explained by decreased cellular proliferation, loss of tissue repair capability and a decline in the ability to maintain a differentiated state.

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