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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 May 19;43(10):1773-9.

Does beta-blocker therapy improve clinical outcomes of acute myocardial infarction after successful primary angioplasty?

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  • 1Cardiology Division, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan 48331, USA.



We sought to determine if beta-blocker therapy improves clinical outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).


We have shown that pre-treatment with beta-blockers has a beneficial effect on short-term clinical outcomes in patients undergoing primary PCI for AMI. It is unknown if beta-blocker therapy after successful primary PCI improves prognosis of AMI.


We analyzed clinical, angiographic, and outcomes data in 2442 patients who underwent successful primary PCI in the Primary Angioplasty in Acute Myocardial Infarction-2 (PAMI-2), PAMI No Surgery-on-Site (PAMI noSOS), Stent PAMI, and Air PAMI trials. We classified patients into beta group (those who received beta-blockers after successful PCI, n = 1661) and no-beta group (n = 781). We compared death and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (death, reinfarction, and ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization) at six months between groups receiving and not receiving beta-blockers.


At six months, beta patients were less likely to die (2.2% vs. 6.6%, p < 0.0001) or experience MACE (14 vs. 17%, p = 0.036). In multivariate analysis, beta-blockers were independently associated with lower six-month mortality (odds ratio [OR] 0.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.26 to 0.73, p = 0.0016). Beta-blocker therapy was an independent predictor of lower six-month events in high-risk subgroups: ejection fraction <or=50% (death: OR 0.34, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.60, p = 0.0002) or multi-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) (death: OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.14 to 0.48, p < 0.0001; MACE: OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.41 to 0.80, p = 0.0011).


Treatment with beta-blockers after successful primary PCI is associated with reduced six-month mortality, with the greatest benefit in patients with a low ejection fraction or multi-vessel CAD.

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