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Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2004 May;6(3):280-8.

Engineering plants for elevated CO(2): a relationship between starch degradation and sugar sensing.

Author information

1
Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 430 Lincoln Dr., Madison, WI 53706, USA. tsharkey@wisc.edu

Abstract

In the future, plants will have additional CO(2) for photosynthesis. However, plants do not take maximal advantage of this additional CO(2) and it has been hypothesized that end product synthesis limitations and sugar sensing mechanisms are important in regulating plant responses to increasing CO(2). Attempts to increase end product synthesis capacity by engineering increased sucrose-phosphate synthase activity have been generally, but not universally, successful. It was found that plants benefited from a two- to three-fold increase in SPS activity but a 10-fold increase did not increase yield. Despite the success in increasing yield, increasing SPS did not increase photosynthesis. However, carbon export from chloroplasts was increased during the day and reduced at night (when starch provides carbon for sucrose synthesis. We develop here a hypothesis that starch degradation is closely sensed by hexokinase because a newly discovered pathway required for starch to sucrose conversion that involves maltose is one of few metabolic pathways that requires hexokinase activity.

PMID:
15143436
DOI:
10.1055/s-2004-817911
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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