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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2004 Sep;31(3):330-6. Epub 2004 May 13.

A20 inhibits toll-like receptor 2- and 4-mediated interleukin-8 synthesis in airway epithelial cells.

Author information

1
First Department of Internal Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

The zinc finger protein A20 is encoded by an immediate early response gene and acts as an inhibitor of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB-dependent gene expression induced by different stimuli, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and TLR4 have been found to transduce, respectively, peptidoglycan (PGN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) signals for the activation of NF-kappaB and the production of inflammatory cytokines. Here, we have examined the role of A20 in TLR-mediated NF-kappaB-dependent gene expression in human airway epithelial cells (AECs). Stimulation with LPS and PGN resulted in a significant increase in the level of A20 mRNA in primary cultured AECs and in NCI-H292 AECs. LPS and PGN induced activation of the IL-8 promoter both in NCI-H292 AECs and in HEK293 cells expressing either TLR2 or TLR4 plus MD-2. Dominant-negative myeloid differentiation protein and a mutant form of IkappaBalpha attenuated this PGN- or LPS-induced activation of the IL-8 promoter. Furthermore, overexpression of A20 inhibited activation of both NF-kappaB and the IL-8 promoter by PGN or LPS in these cells. Taken together, our results suggest that A20 may function as a negative regulator of TLR-mediated inflammatory responses in the airway, thereby protecting the host against harmful overresponses to pathogens.

PMID:
15142865
DOI:
10.1165/rcmb.2003-0438OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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