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J Hosp Infect. 2004 May;57(1):1-7.

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia: the significance and role as a nosocomial pathogen.

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Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Besevler, Ankara, Turkey.


Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a significant pathogen that primarily affects patients with co-morbid illnesses, usually malignancies, who have been hospitalized for prolonged periods and received broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy. The organism has been associated with an expanding spectrum of clinical manifestations associated with high case to fatality ratios. Therapy of these infections presents a significant challenge both for the clinician and the microbiologists because of its high-level antibiotic resistance to most of the currently used agents and methodological difficulties in susceptibility testing with this organism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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