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Environ Microbiol. 2004 Jun;6(6):646-50.

Hydrogen threshold concentrations in pure cultures of halorespiring bacteria and at a site polluted with chlorinated ethenes.

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Laboratory of Microbiology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.


Halorespiring microorganisms are not only able to oxidize organic electron donors such as formate, acetate, pyruvate and lactate, but also H(2). Because these microorganisms have a high affinity for H(2), this may be the most important electron donor for halorespiration in the environment. We have studied the role of H(2)-threshold concentrations in pure halorespiring cultures and compared them with mixed cultures and field data. We have found H(2)-threshold values between 0.05 and 0.08 nM for Sulfurospirillum halorespirans, S. multivorans and Dehalobacter restrictus under PCE-reducing and nitrate-reducing conditions. The reduction of PCE and TCE can proceed at H(2) concentrations of below 1 nM at a polluted site. However, for the reduction of lower chlorinated ethenes a higher H(2) concentration is required. This indicates that the measured H(2) concentration in situ can be an indicator of the extent of anaerobic reductive dechlorination.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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