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Environ Microbiol. 2004 Jun;6(6):622-37.

Vertical and temporal shifts in microbial communities in the water column and sediment of saline meromictic Lake Kaiike (Japan), as determined by a 16S rDNA-based analysis, and related to physicochemical gradients.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397, Japan.


The vertical and temporal changes in microbial communities were investigated throughout the water column and sediment of the saline meromictic Lake Kaiike by PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of 16S rDNA. Marked depth-related changes in microbial communities were observed at the chemocline and the sediment-water interface. However, no major temporal changes in the microbial community below the chemocline were observed during the sampling period, suggesting that the ecosystem in the anoxic zone of Lake Kaiike was nearly stable. Although the sequence of the most conspicuous DGGE band throughout the anoxic water and in the top of the microbial mat was most similar to that of an anoxic, photosynthetic, green sulphur bacterium, Pelodyction luteolum DSM273 (97% similarity), it represented a new phylotype. A comparison of DGGE banding patterns of the water column and sediment samples demonstrated that specific bacteria accumulated on the bottom from the anoxic water layers, and that indigenous microbial populations were present in the sediment. The measurements of bicarbonate assimilation rates showed significant phototrophic assimilation in the chemocline and lithoautotrophic assimilation throughout the anoxic water, but were not clearly linked with net sulphide turnover rates, indicating that sulphur and carbon metabolisms were not directly correlated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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