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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 May 15;19(10):1041-9.

Review article: new pharmacological agents for the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.

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University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI, USA.


Proton pump inhibitors, which act at the terminal point of acid secretion--the H+, K+-ATPase--are currently the most effective pharmacological treatments available for reflux disease. Despite the efficacy of the proton pump inhibitors, there is still potential for clinical improvement in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease pharmacotherapy. Faster onset of complete acid inhibition and improved duration of efficacy are two potential areas for improvement A number of novel pharmaceutical agents are currently undergoing clinical evaluation for the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. These include transient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxation-reducing agents, serotonergic agents/prokinetics, potassium-competitive acid blockers, mucosal protectants, histamine H3 agonists and anti-gastrin agents. One or more of these drug groups may represent the future medical therapy for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, should they prove effective in the clinical setting. This review summarizes the state of the art with these agents.

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