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Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2004 May;17(5):447-55.

The HopPtoF locus of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 encodes a type III chaperone and a cognate effector.

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Department of Plant Pathology, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506-5502, USA.


Type III secretion systems are highly conserved among gram-negative plant and animal pathogenic bacteria. Through the type III secretion system, bacteria inject a number of virulence proteins into the host cells. Analysis of the whole genome sequence of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 strain identified a locus, named HopPtoF, that is homologous to the avirulence gene locus avrPphF in P. syringae pv. phaseolicola. The HopPtoF locus harbors two genes, ShcF(Pto) and HopF(Pto), that are preceded by a single hrp box promoter. We present evidence here to show that ShcF(Pto) and HopF(Pto) encode a type III chaperone and a cognate effector, respectively. ShcF(Pto) interacts with and stabilizes the HopF(Pto) protein in the bacterial cell. Translation of HopF(Pto) starts at a rare initiation codon ATA that limits the synthesis of the HopF(Pto) protein to a low level in bacterial cells.

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