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Res Nurs Health. 2004 Jun;27(3):148-61.

Efficacy of a smoking-cessation intervention for elective-surgical patients.

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Nursing and Health Behaviour Research Unit, School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 2B5, Canada.


We tested an intervention to help smokers abstain (fast) from smoking before surgery, maintain abstinence postoperatively, and achieve long-term cessation. A randomized experiment included 237 patients admitted for presurgical assessment who smoked. The intervention included counseling and nicotine replacement therapy. Treatment group participants (73.0%) were more likely to fast than were controls (53.0%): chi(2)(1, N = 228) = 8.89, p =.003, and more likely to be abstinent 6 months after surgery (31.2% vs. 20.2%). There was no significant difference in the abstinence rates at 12 months after surgery, chi(2)(1, N = 169) <.001, p = 1.00. Encouraging patients to fast from smoking before surgery and postoperative support are efficacious ways to reduce preoperative and immediate post-operative tobacco use.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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