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Arch Pediatr. 2004 Apr;11(4):350-9.

[What a hidden testicle can hide?...or the clinical traps of cryptorchidism].

[Article in French]

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Service de chirurgie viscérale et urologie pédiatriques, hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, France.


Although cryptorchidism is probably the most frequent genital anomaly encountered in boys, this pathology remains largely unexplained and its long-term prognosis is still uncertain. Despite the relative easiness of this diagnosis, attention should be paid to some clinical traps, which can mislead the sexual identity. Indeed, beside the isolated common cryptorchidism, many troubles of the testicular migration can be associated with various malformative syndromes and can be named as "cryptorchidism symptoms". Most of these syndromes are obvious, but some can be suspected only by the way of an abnormal descent of testis. Cryptorchidism, which is systematically screened out during any pediatric consultation, should play the role of clinical marker for various endocrine or genetic disorders. Among them, the intersex states should be underlined to avoid the harmful effects of misdiagnosis. We dealt with this subject through a clinical and practical approach.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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