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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 May 18;101(20):7809-14. Epub 2004 May 10.

Differential metabolic networks unravel the effects of silent plant phenotypes.

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Department of Molecular Physiology, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, 14424 Potsdam, Germany.


Current efforts aim to functionally characterize each gene in model plants. Frequently, however, no morphological or biochemical phenotype can be ascribed for antisense or knock-out plant genotypes. This is especially the case when gene suppression or knockout is targeted to isoenzymes or gene families. Consequently, pleiotropic effects and gene redundancy are responsible for phenotype resistance. Here, techniques are presented to detect unexpected pleiotropic changes in such instances despite very subtle changes in overall metabolism. The method consists of the relative quantitation of >1,000 compounds by GC/time-of-flight MS, followed by classical statistics and multivariate clustering. Complementary to these tools, metabolic networks are constructed from pair-wise analysis of linear metabolic correlations. The topology of such networks reflects the underlying regulatory pathway structure. A differential analysis of network connectivity was applied for a silent potato plant line suppressed in expression of sucrose synthase isoform II. Metabolic alterations could be assigned to carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism even if no difference in average metabolite levels was found.

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