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J Biol Chem. 2004 Jul 16;279(29):30781-90. Epub 2004 May 10.

Crystallographic and biophysical analysis of a bacterial signal peptidase in complex with a lipopeptide-based inhibitor.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, V5A 1S6 Canada.


We report here the crystallographic and biophysical analysis of a soluble, catalytically active fragment of the Escherichia coli type I signal peptidase (SPase Delta2-75) in complex with arylomycin A2. The 2.5-A resolution structure revealed that the inhibitor is positioned with its COOH-terminal carboxylate oxygen (O45) within hydrogen bonding distance of all the functional groups in the catalytic center of the enzyme (Ser90 O-gamma, Lys145 N-zeta, and Ser88 O-gamma) and that it makes beta-sheet type interactions with the beta-strands that line each side of the binding site. Ligand binding studies, calorimetry, fluorescence spectroscopy, and stopped-flow kinetics were also used to analyze the binding mode of this unique non-covalently bound inhibitor. The crystal structure was solved in the space group P4(3)2(1)2. A detailed comparison is made to the previously published acyl-enzyme inhibitor complex structure (space group: P2(1)2(1)2) and the apo-enzyme structure (space group: P4(1)2(1)2). Together this work provides insights into the binding of pre-protein substrates to signal peptidase and will prove helpful in the development of novel antibiotics.

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