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Addict Behav. 2004 Jun;29(4):707-15.

Domestic violence in women with PTSD and substance abuse.

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Trauma Research Program, Harvard Medical School, McLean Hospital, Proctor III, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478, USA.


This study reports rates of domestic violence for women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance dependence. The Conflict Tactics Scale-Revised (CTS2) was used to assess the rates of both physical and psychological aggression, lifetime and current, by self and partner. Results showed substantial rates, both lifetime and current by both partner and self and, for a substantial number in the sample, for multiple events within the past year. Consistent with prior studies, analyses indicated that the correlation between self and partner negative relationship behaviors was high. A significant association was found between past-month substance use and increased self and partner negative relationship behaviors. The complex dynamics of women as both recipients and enactors of negative relationship behaviors are discussed.

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