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Vet Microbiol. 2004 May 20;100(1-2):25-30.

Serological relationship between cattle exposed to Brucella abortus, Yersinia enterocolitica O:9 and Escherichia coli O157:H7.

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Animal Diseases Research Institute, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, P.O. Box 11300, 3851 Fallowfield Road, Nepean, Ontario, Canada K2H 8P9.


Sera from cattle naturally infected with Brucella abortus (n = 160), vaccinated with B. abortus S19 (n = 88) or immunized with Yersinia enterocolitica O:9 (n = 25) or Escherichia coli O157:H7 (n = 80) were collected. The sera were compared for antibody content to the same bacteria by indirect enzyme immunoassay (IELISA), fluorescence polarization assay (FPA) and competitive enzyme immunoassay (CELISA). Cattle sera (n = 523) collected randomly from across Canada were tested in the same tests. Sera from the B. abortus infected group reacted positively in the brucellosis IELISA (IELISA(Br)), CELISA and FPA (FPA(Br)) and the Y. enterocolitica IELISA (IELISA(Ye)) while the Y. enterocolitica FPA (FPA(Ye)) detected antibody in 93.8% and the E. coli IELISA (IELISA(Ec)) 86.9% and the E. coli FPA (FPA(Ec)) 48.1%. About 70% of the sera from B. abortus S19 vaccinated animals reacted in the three IELISAs, 45% in the CELISA, and 37.7% in the FPA(Ec), 21.6% in the FPA(Br) and 5.7% in the FPA(Ye). Sera from E. coli O:157 exposed cattle reacted mainly in the IELISA(Ec) and FPA(Ec) although surprisingly 87.5% reacted in the IELISA(Ye) and only 3.8% in the IELISA(Br). No reactions were observed with these sera in the FPA(Br) and FPA(Ye) but one serum gave a low positive reaction in the CELISA. All sera from Y. enterocolitica O:9 exposed cattle reacted in the IELISA(Br) and IELISA(Ye) and 80% in the IELISA(Ec). In the CELISA, 44% gave a positive reaction and 64% were positive in the FPA(Br), 28% in the FPA(Ye) and 12% in the FPA(Ec). Of the 523 Canadian sera, about 50% reacted in the E. coli tests with only minor reactions in the Y. enterocolitica O:9 and B. abortus assays. From the data, the cross reaction between E. coli O157:H7, Y. enterocilitica O:9 and B. abortus is dependent on the test used. Thus, extensive cross reaction was observed with the IELISA with much less reactivity in the FPA and the CELISA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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