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Resuscitation. 2004 May;61(2):189-97.

Attenuated adult biphasic shocks compared with weight-based monophasic shocks in a swine model of prolonged pediatric ventricular fibrillation.

Author information

1
The University of Arizona Steele Memorial Children's Research Center, Tuscon, AZ 85724-5073, USA. rberg@peds.arizona.edu

Abstract

AIM:

To compare the safety and efficacy of attenuated adult biphasic shocks with standard monophasic weight-based shocks in a piglet model of prolonged prehospital ventricular fibrillation (VF).

BACKGROUND:

If attenuated adult shocks are safe and effective for prehospital pediatric VF, automated external defibrillators (AEDs) can be easily adapted for pediatric use.

METHODS:

After 7 min of untreated VF, piglets were randomized to treatment with attenuated adult biphasic shocks or weight-based monophasic shocks. The attenuated adult biphasic group received 200/300/360 J shocks, attenuated by specialized pediatric electrodes to 51/78/81 J and the monophasic weight-based control group received 2/4/4 J/kg shocks. Forty-eight female piglets were studied, 16 in each of three weight categories: 4 kg (neonatal), 14 kg (younger child) and 24 kg (older child). The primary outcome measures of efficacy and safety were 24h survival with good neurological outcome and post-resuscitation left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), respectively.

RESULTS:

For the 24 kg piglets, attenuated adult biphasic shocks resulted in superior 24 h survival with good neurological outcome (6/8 versus 0/8, P < 0.001) and greater LVEF 4 h post-resuscitation (34 +/- 4% versus 18 +/- 5%, P < 0.05). For the 14 and 4 kg piglets, 24 h survival with good neurological outcome occurred in 7/8 versus 5/8 and 7/8 versus 3/8, respectively, and LVEF 4 h post-resuscitation was 30 +/- 3% versus 36 +/- 6% and 30 +/- 3% versus 22 +/- 4%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The escalating attenuated adult biphasic dosage strategy was at least as safe and effective as the standard weight-based monophasic dose over a wide range of weights in this piglet model of prehospital VF. This work supports the concept of using an attenuated adult biphasic dosage in children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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