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Mycopathologia. 1992 Feb;117(1-2):37-45.

Fumonisin B1 production and vegetative compatibility of strains from Gibberella fujikuroi mating population 'A' (Fusarium moniliforme).

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1
Department of Plant Pathology, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506-5502.

Abstract

We examined 25 strains of Fusarium moniliforme from eight states known to be associated with equine leukoencephalomalacia, a disease caused by the mycotoxin fumonisin B1. We determined the mating population, mating type, and vegetative compatibility group to which each of these strains belonged. All 25 strains were in the 'A' mating population; 12 were A+ and 13 were A-. Seventeen of the 25 strains were female fertile; these strains also averaged higher levels of fumonisin B1 production than did the strains that were female sterile. Nitrate non-utilizing (nit) mutants were generated in all 25 strains and each strain was assigned to a unique vegetative compatibility group based on the inability of the derived nit mutants to form a prototrophic heterokaryon with complementary nit mutants derived from any of the other strains examined. From these data, we concluded that the production of fumonisin B1 is a general characteristic of strains from the 'A' mating population of Gibberella fujikuroi associated with equine leukoencephalomalacia, since all 25 of the isolates that we examined were genetically distinct individuals.

PMID:
1513373
DOI:
10.1007/bf00497277
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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