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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2004 Sep;130(9):521-6. Epub 2004 May 6.

The association of the expression level of protein tyrosine phosphatase PRL-3 protein with liver metastasis and prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Beijing Institute for Cancer Research, Peking University School of Oncology, 1 Da-Hong-Luo-Chang Street, Western District 100034 Beijing, China.



To investigate PRL-3 protein expression in normal colorectal epithelia and colorectal cancers with monoclonal antibody (MAb) against PRL-3.


MAb against PRL-3 was prepared with the hybridoma technique, and its specificity was confirmed with ELISA and Western blotting assays. The expression of PRL-3 protein in normal colorectal epithelia and colorectal cancers was examined by immunohistochemistry assay. Logistic regression and survival analysis were performed to determine the clinical significance of PRL-3 expression.


MAb 3B6 against PRL-3 was obtained and showed high specificity. PRL-3 protein was expressed in two of 28 (7.1%) normal colorectal epithelia, 21 of 88 (23.9%) primary colorectal cancers, 22 of 41 (53.7%) metastatic lymph nodes and eight of 12 (66.7%) liver metastases, respectively. The PRL-3 expression rates of metastases were significantly higher than those of primary colorectal cancers and normal colorectal epithelia (P < 0.05). PRL-3 expression was significantly associated with the liver metastasis of colorectal cancer (P = 0.004) and tended to shorten survival time (P = 0.0145).


This is the first study demonstrating that PRL-3 is a potential marker for liver metastasis of colorectal cancer and negatively influences the prognosis of colorectal cancer patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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